spina bifida surgery in Jaipur

Spina bifida is a birth defect that occurs when the spine and spinal cord don’t form properly. It falls under the broader category of neural tube defects. The neural tube is the embryonic structure that eventually develops into the baby’s brain and spinal cord and the tissues that enclose them. Dr. Krishna Hari Sharma is a recognized brain surgeon for advanced, leading-edge spina bifida surgery in Jaipur.

Normally, the neural tube forms early in pregnancy, and it closes by the 28th day after conception. In babies with spina bifida, a portion of the neural tube fails to develop or close properly, causing defects in the spinal cord and in the bones of the spine.
Spina bifida can range from mild to severe, depending on the type of defect, size, location and complications. When early treatment for spina bifida is necessary, it’s done surgically, although such treatment doesn’t always completely resolve the problem.


Spina bifida can occur in different forms: spina bifida occulta, meningocele or myelomeningocele. The severity of spina bifida depends on the type, size, location and complications.

Spina Bifida Occulta

“Occulta” means hidden. The mildest form, spina bifida occulta results in a small separation or gap in one or more of the bones of the spine (vertebrae).


In a form of spina bifida called meningocele, the protective membranes around the spinal cord (meninges) push out through the opening in the vertebrae, forming a sac filled with fluid. But this sac doesn’t include the spinal cord, so nerve damage is less likely, though later complications are possible.


Also known as open spina bifida, myelomeningocele is the most severe form. The spinal canal is open along several vertebrae in the lower or middle back. The membranes and spinal nerves push through this opening at birth, forming a sac on the baby’s back, typically exposing tissues and nerves. This makes the baby prone to life-threatening infections.


Signs and symptoms of spina bifida vary by type and severity. Symptoms can also differ for each person.
Spina bifida occulta. Because the spinal nerves usually aren’t involved, typically there are no signs or symptoms. But visible indications can sometimes be seen on the newborn’s skin above the spinal defect, including an abnormal tuft of hair, or a small dimple or birthmark
Meningocele. The membranes around the spinal cord push out through an opening in the vertebrae, forming a sac filled with fluid, but this sac doesn’t include the spinal cord.
Myelomeningocele. In this severe form of spina bifida:
The spinal canal remains open along several vertebrae in the lower or middle back.
Both the membranes and the spinal cord or nerves protrude at birth, forming a sac.

Tissues and nerves usually are exposed, though sometimes skin covers the sac

Causes of spina bifida

The entirely of the specific causes of spina bifida are not explicitly understood. Be that as it may, it includes a mix of genetics and environmental factors. A child born with spina bifida might not have any family members with the condition, despite the fact that genetics play a factor. It’s likewise accepted that an absence of folic acid, otherwise as vitamin B-9, plays a role in spina bifida.

Different elements that are accepted to assume a part include:

  • obesity
  • diabetes in the mother that isn’t very much controlled
  • some medications


The diagnosis for spina bifida will be different for every individual since side effects and seriousness can change. At times, particularly in spina bifida occulta, there may not be any treatment required. 
Notwithstanding, myelomeningocele, and meningocele expect surgery to return the uncovered sack and nerves to put. Some of it might likewise require removal. The surgeon will then close the opening over the vertebrae. There may be a shunt put in place to avoid complications later in life. This surgery may be performed shortly after the child’s birth. Now and again, pre-birth surgery might be done while the child is as yet in the womb. You should converse with your doctor about the benefits and risks of both types of surgery.
Even after the surgery is performed, some symptoms and disability can remain. They should be overseen dependent on the seriousness of every indication. Paralysis and bowel and bladder issues typically remain throughout life. Treatment for remaining symptoms can include:
  • extra surgeries
  • medication
  • physical therapies
  • rehabilitation services

Spina Bifida Surgery in India.

At Neurospine Surgeon Jaipur, Dr. Krishna Hari Sharma provides the best Spina Bifida surgery in Jaipur, India. He is a leading neurosurgeon who has vast experience of 11 years.

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